Hepatitis B – the oldest human virus

Recent studies at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark, have found traces of the Hepatitis B virus (HBV) in 4,500-year-old skeletons. HBV is a double-stranded DNA virus that affects over 300 million people around the world. It is one of the most common causes of liver diseases, such as cirrhosis and liver cancer. The virus, which is carried […]

Toxic Rice

Arsenic occurs naturally in the environment in minerals; from there, it enters the soil, water, and air. The use of arsenic pesticides, before regulations were put in place, is another source of arsenic in our environment. Arsenic stays in the soil for long periods of time and can be taken up by plants or washed […]

Salt, Sugar, and Spice Cravings

Why is it that salt, sugar, and spice are so addictive that even the toughest fitness enthusiasts succumb to their cravings? SUPERSTIMULUS Snacks concentrate our favorite flavors (sweet, spicy, and salty) into unnaturally high amounts to deliver a sensory overload. An overwhelming dose becomes addictive as the body quickly develops a tolerance (Smith, 2017). The […]

Alcohol as the Main Risk Factor for Dementia

Dementia is often used as an umbrella term for conditions that share common symptoms such as impaired memory and personality and behavioural changes. The most common types include Dementia with Lewy Bodies, Alzheimer’s disease, Vascular dementia, Parkinson’s disease and Frontotemporal dementia (FTD).  It should be noted that dementia is not a natural part of growing […]

5 Reasons We Love Water Bears

Water bears, also known as tardigrades, are considered by many specialists to be Earth’s last standing species, due to their incredible survival characteristics. Water bears are almost translucent and are about half a millimeter in length. Depending on the light, they can be seen with the naked eye. They have a defined head and four […]

How Vaping Impairs Cognitive Development

67% of smokers die as a result of smoking-related illnesses (Washington Post). Smoking is known to lead to 13 different kinds of cancer. Scientists and doctors have proven again and again how detrimental smoking is to overall health, and it hasn’t been ignored. From 1965, the smoking rate for adults has decreased by 12%, and from […]