Remembering Stephen Hawking

On Wednesday 14th March, the scientific community lost one of the key figures in popularising science. Stephen Hawking, cosmologist and professor at University of Cambridge, actively made science accessible to non-scientists by writing books such as “A Brief History of Time” and “The Universe in a Nutshell“. These books not only inspired many young people […]

How to Win the Winter Olympics as a Ski Racer Using Organic Compounds

As the Winter Olympics came and went, phenomenal ski racers raced for the gold medal. With a strong mindset, long practices, and certain techniques refined, there is another key ingredient to the recipe of winning. The answer is wax. Wax is a polymer, a substance that has many subunits (monomers) combined together and help create […]

No More Yearly Flu Shots?

As winter looms upon the world, viruses are preparing to wreak havoc on our bodies. However, individuals are opting to get flu shots to provide immunity against any future infections. Unfortunately, we need to get flu shots on a yearly basis since viruses are prone to mutate. These mutations often occur within the viral DNA, […]

A Summary of the Cochlear Implant Dilemma

New advances in science have always inspired heated debate between proponents for and opponents against, but rarely does a development split a group in two. With the introduction of the cochlear implant less than a decade ago, deaf and hard of hearing individuals and their families have been personally divided by the new hearing device. […]

Phage Therapy: Antibiotic’s Spiritual Successor

Traditionally, bacterial infections are met with routine antibiotics. As long as the patient follows the directions on the bottle, symptoms resolve, right? Not anymore. The emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains, or “super bugs,” has already rendered some diseases untreatable by standard prescriptions. A report from the World Health Organization in September sounded the alarm: due to […]

Ammonia Synthesis with Lithium

Approximately 150 million metric tons of ammonia is produced annually. A significant amount of the ammonia generated is used to make fertilizers, notably ammonium nitrate. Currently, the primary method of synthesizing ammonia involves the Haber Bosch process. The Haber Bosch process is based on the reaction between molecular nitrogen from the air and hydrogen derived […]

Vaping: A Potential Health Concern

E-cigarette use has grown approximately 900% among high school students between 2011 and 2015, according to Rob McConnell, an internal medicine specialist at USC. However, as young adolescents are lured into e-cigarettes by their appeal as a “healthy alternative” to cigarettes, what are the major health concerns of e-cigarettes or vaping? Vaping, the inhalation of […]

Plastic-eating Organisms

Over eight million tons of plastic are dumped into the oceans every year. The forget about it mentality pervades society, and they ignore a massive problem that plagues marine life. The newest data, according to a study published in Science, claims that the sheer tonnage of plastic burdening oceans every year is equal to 5 […]

Blue Light: The Sleep Killer

Sleep is pivotal for every human being. Whether you are an adult or a teenager, a good night sleep can provide increased cognitive reasoning, wider attention span, and simply a good feeling to tackle the day. However, there are many ways in which we can get a lack of sleep or even a bad sleep. […]

Converting Seawater to Fuel

Hydrogen is an alternative fuel which can be synthesized from various domestic resources. Highly abundant in the environment, hydrogen is stored in water, hydrocarbons, and other organic compounds. Interest in hydrogen as a substitution for conventional fossil fuels spurs from its ability to produce zero emissions when burned with oxygen. However, challenges of using hydrogen […]