One thing that many struggle with when starting new medication is the ambiguity of the whole situation. They don’t know how certain medications are going to influence them; which side effects they may be prone to. However, genetics have been on the rise lately, and came up with a solution to this issue- pharmacogenomics tests. According to the Mayo Clinic, by sending in a small sample of blood or saliva to a lab, it is tested, and the results are interpreted. These interperations can assist in determining whether or not medication may be effective for your condition, based on your genetic makeup (variants/changes). Not to mention, it shows you whether you will be more susceptible to the negative impacts of the medication, and what dosage of it will be most efficient. But, like most tests, there are limitations. If more than one type of medication is being taken, one pharmacogenomic test will not be sufficient to determine how each one will individually affect you (there needs to be multiple). Furthermore, the tests are not open for all medications (including over the counter ones- such as aspirin).
However, despite these limitations, this new step in genetics is just the beginning. These tests will help many instead of causing the harm many medications unintentionally inflict (show how your current medications will react with other medications; ex. some ADHD medication may not be compatible with heart disease medication. Plus, pharmacogenomic tests inform you how family history plays a role in your reactions). This incredible level up in genetics,
But, this is just the beginning of genetics- there is so much more to be learned. Already, we have tests that revolutionize medicine- who knows what will be uncovered in the future?