Posts Categorized: The Blog

Employing Optogenetic Techniques to Aid in Post-Stroke Recovery

Employing Optogenetic Techniques to Aid in Post-Stroke Recovery

Approximately 800,000 Americans suffer from strokes each year, and these strokes often result in damage to one or both sides of the brain. Today’s treatments include the use of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), which nonspecifically activate or inhibit target areas. These methods cause horrible effects as well as difficultly in understanding the recovery process.  However, researchers at the… Read more

Breathalyzer Can Detect Cancer?

Breathalyzer Can Detect Cancer?

What Is It? Scientists at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have developed a sensor that can be used to detect ovarian cancer in patients using only a sample of their breath. This sensor, made out of a flexible polymer substrate, contains gold nanoparticles that are used to analyze the breath sample. How Does It Work?… Read more

Oldest Tree in the United Kingdom Changing its Sex

Oldest Tree in the United Kingdom Changing its Sex

The Fortingall Yew in the Royal Botanic Garden in Perthshire, Scotland is believed to be one of the oldest trees in Europe, at an estimated 5,000 years old. After this long life, botanists believe that the tree is in the midst of changing its sex. The tree’s sex is identified during the breeding season, when the… Read more

Nuclear Medicine: Radioimmunotherapy

Nuclear Medicine: Radioimmunotherapy

This post is Part 2 of a three-part series on radiation. The most well known use of nuclear technology in medicine is the cancer treatment, chemotherapy. However there are many other practical applications of nuclear medicine that can be used to treat other diseases. In the year 1934, Frederic Joliot-Curie and Irene Joliot-Curie discovered artificial… Read more

Silencing of the X Chromosome

Silencing of the X Chromosome

  Males possess a single copy of the X and Y chromosomes, putting them at an increased risk of inheriting various genetic disorders. In contrast, females possess two X chromosomes and therefore have a lower risk of inheriting those disorders. This is because, in most cases, if a woman has a genetic defect on one… Read more

Utilizing Deep-Sea Bacteria to Neutralize Carbon Dioxide

Utilizing Deep-Sea Bacteria to Neutralize Carbon Dioxide

Carbon dioxide emissions continue to increase decade after decade, contributing to the buildup of atmospheric greenhouse gases. However, there is a way that carbon dioxide can be captured and neutralized through a process called sequestration. It can be captured either from the atmosphere or from large-scale stationary sources before its release into the atmosphere. Most atmospheric… Read more

Cure For HIV In Our Future?

Cure For HIV In Our Future?

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which eventually advances into acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), is a virus that is contracted through the exchange of bodily fluids such as blood, semen, and breast milk. The first documented case in the U.S. was in 1981, and according to the World Health Organization, 35 million people worldwide are currently… Read more

Artificial Skin Sensing Touch

Artificial Skin Sensing Touch

What defines a good handshake? We’ve all heard that a firm handshake is respectable, yet you don’t want to be so hard that you cause pain. Still, you certainly don’t want to seem too weak. How do we interpret handshakes, and touch in general? Sensory data from the external environment is analyzed through the intricate… Read more

The Effects of Sunscreen on Coral Reefs

The Effects of Sunscreen on Coral Reefs

It is essential to wear sunscreen during extensive periods of time in direct sunlight, but a new study found that even a single drop of sunscreen in the water can attack a coral reef. Craig Downs of the Haereticus Environmental Laboratory in Virginia led the study in the U.S. Virgin Islands and Hawaii, both popular vacation… Read more

Ultrasound Drug Delivery in the GI Tract

Ultrasound Drug Delivery in the GI Tract

In 1995, Robert Langer and Daniel Blankschtein of MIT discovered that ultrasound could be used to enhance drug delivery through the skin. Researchers have now found that this method has the potential to deliver drugs to the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, and provide relief for countless suffering patients. Those who deal with disorders of the GI… Read more