Posts Categorized: News

Industrialization Leads to Evolutionary Changes

Industrialization Leads to Evolutionary Changes

Developing infrastructure, skyscrapers, and commerce – these are all products of industrialization that mostly occur in cities. People living the urban lifestyle adapt to these changes of industrialization. However, humans are not the only ones adapting to them. Organisms of all kinds are adapting as well – genetically, that is. So what impact does this… Read more

Phenomenon El Niño Causes Catastrophe in Peru

Phenomenon El Niño Causes Catastrophe in Peru

Weather conditions in Peru have been incredibly disastrous for the past 5 weeks. Mudslides, abnormally heavy rains, and floods have left over 150,000 people without a home—or missing—and 100 people dead. These mudslides are sweeping away everything that gets in their way, including roads, bridges, and houses, looking much like an apocalyptic scene. But what is causing these abnormal… Read more

Argon Isotopes Provide Better Understanding of Martian Atmosphere

Argon Isotopes Provide Better Understanding of Martian Atmosphere

Data gathered from Mars’ surface suggests that solar wind has been stripping away the planet’s atmosphere, transforming the once warm, wet, and potentially habitable planet to the cold, dry, and barren planet of today. The Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) spacecraft has been orbiting the planet for more than two years, scavenging for particles… Read more

Unique Proteins Key to Tardigrades’ Survival

Unique Proteins Key to Tardigrades’ Survival

Tardigrades (water bears) are water-dwelling, microorganisms which can be found in almost every habitat on Earth. However, most species tend to reside in freshwater or semi-aquatic terrestrial environments, favoring damp moss and algae. These microorganisms can survive in the most extreme of conditions, enduring grueling temperatures ranging from -200 degrees Celsius to 149 degrees Celsius… Read more

Understanding Pitch with Mandarin

Understanding Pitch with Mandarin

In music, notes can have different pitches. Pitch refers to how high or low a sound’s frequency is. Whether the note is C sharp or E-flat, these tonal differences allow us to have a great sense of musicality and a sharp acuity to the various notes. Although many people struggle with finding the correct pitch,… Read more

Helium-Sodium Compound Forms Under High Pressures

Helium-Sodium Compound Forms Under High Pressures

Helium, the second element in the periodic table, possesses an electron configuration which prohibits it from forming bonds with other atoms. The 1s^2  electron configuration indicates the element has a complete outer shell containing two electrons. In addition, helium possesses zero electron affinity—the energy change that occurs when an electron is added to a gaseous… Read more

Nickel Extraction Through Electrochemical Process

Nickel Extraction Through Electrochemical Process

New Caledonia, an island in the Southwest Pacific Ocean, contains ten percent of the world’s nickel reserves and is one of the world’s largest nickel producers. While nickel mining plays an important role in the island’s economy, it also poses a significant danger to humans and other organisms. Nickel (and other heavy-metal) runoffs contaminate surrounding… Read more

Synthesizing Enamel-Like Materials

Synthesizing Enamel-Like Materials

A team of researchers from the University of Michigan led by Nicholas Kotov has synthesized a material possessing a similar structure to natural enamel. Enamel—the non-living outer coating of teeth—comprises of parallel microscale and nanoscale columns of stiff, inorganic material embedded in a protein matrix. Because of its unique composition and structure, enamel can endure… Read more

Metal-Extracting Plants

Metal-Extracting Plants

Heavy metals play a significant role in our everyday lives, from the individual components of your smartphone to the gasoline you insert into your car. However, at low concentrations, these high-density metals are hazardous to human health. Human activities, such as mining and industry, have exposed and led to accumulations of these toxic chemicals in… Read more

Zealandia: The Eighth Continent

Zealandia: The Eighth Continent

A Geographical Breakthrough It might be time to forget what you’ve learned in geography class. A group of scientists led by Nick Mortimer recently published a journal which suggests that there is a mass of continuous land including New Zealand, New Caledonia, and various surrounding islands. But it hasn’t been exactly a new idea– scientists have long… Read more